Vitamins and minerals are essential to life as they fulfill important, diverse biochemical functions. The goal is to cover all vitamins and minerals via the diet. However, sometimes this is not possible and it might be necessary to supplement. Supplementation can be a very complex issue that can potentially cause more harm than benefit. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the science behind supplementation. This webpage will offer an overview of:

  1. The function of a vitamin or mineral

  2. Science-based evidence of benefit through supplementation

  3. Potential adverse effects

  4. Best source

Vitamins

  • Vitamin A

  • Vitamin B1 / Thiamine

  • Vitamin B2 / Riboflavin

  • Vitamin B3 / Niacin

  • Vitamin B5 / Pantothenic acid

  • Vitamin B6 / Pyridoxine

  • Vitamin B7 / Biotin

  • Vitamin B9 / Folate

  • Vitamin B12 / Cobalamin

  • Vitamin C / Ascorbic acid

  • Vitamin D / Calciferol

  • Vitamin E / Tocopherol

  • Vitamin K1

  • Vitamin K2

Minerals

  • Calcium

  • Chlorine

  • Cobalt

  • Copper

  • Iron

  • Iodine

  • Magnesium

  • Managanese

  • Molybdenum

  • Phosphorus

  • Potassium

  • Selenium

  • Sodium

  • Suflur

  • Zinc

Fatty Acids

  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids

  • Omeg-6 Fatty Acids

Additional

  • Choline